Stem Cell Banking involves saving of our stem cells for future use.
Stem cells are available in almost all tissues of the body. However, cells from many tissues cannot be accessed. The main sources of stem cells that are easily accessible are bone marrow, umbilical cord and umbilical cord blood, fat, and dental pulp (teeth).
Of these sources, umbilical cord blood is the easiest to source. However, it is available only at the time of birth. Bone marrow stem cells are the gold standard of adult stem cells. Fat is an abundant source of a particular type of cell called mesenchymal stem cell. Dental pulp stem cells may be best suited for neurological problems. Umbilical cord also contains mesenchymal stem cells.
So, how do we save these cells? And more importantly, why do we save the cells?
Cells have to be saved using a special process called cryopreservation. It simply means saving in cold. Cells have to be saved at temeperatures below -150 degrees. Of course, if we simply plunge cells into -150 degrees, cells will freeze to death. Therefore, cryopreservation involves a careful preparation and processing of cells so that they can survive the freezing process.
Stem cells can play a major role in Cellular Therapies.
Numerous studies have demonstrated the role of stem cells in healing as they possess properties that promote Renewal, Rejuvenation and Regeneration of damaged tissues.
When you bank your stem cells, they will be available to you whenever you most need them.
Timing is of the essence when treating any disease. Immediate access to your stem cells is critical if you want to use stem cells for treatment. Storing your stem cells when you are healthy will be beneficial since it may not be possible to obtain your stem cells in a timely manner after the onset of disease.